we'll explore a solution to the Balanced Brackets problem in TypeScript. This problem involves determining if a string consisting of various types of brackets ('(', ')', '{', '}', '[', ']') is valid or not based on certain criteria.

You can get this problem from here :https://mentoor.io/prowess/655612050/balanced-brackets

## #Understanding the Problem

Given a string, we need to check if the brackets within it are balanced. A string is considered balanced if:

- Open brackets are closed by the same type of brackets.
- Open brackets are closed in the correct order.

For instance:

`()`

and`()[]{}{}`

are balanced strings.`(]`

,`([)]`

, and`{[}]`

are not balanced.

## #Approach to Solution

To solve this problem, we can utilize a stack data structure. We'll iterate through the characters of the string, pushing opening brackets onto the stack and popping them when we encounter their corresponding closing brackets. At the end, if the stack is empty, the string is considered balanced.

## #Solution Implementation

Let's implement the`isValidBrackets`

function:

function isValidBrackets(s: string): boolean {
const stack: string[] = [];
const bracketPairs: { [key: string]: string } = {
'(': ')',
'[': ']',
'{': '}'
};
for (const char of s) {
if (bracketPairs[char]) {
// If the character is an opening bracket, push it onto the stack
stack.push(char);
} else {
// If the character is a closing bracket
const topBracket = stack.pop(); // Get the top bracket from the stack
if (!topBracket || bracketPairs[topBracket] !== char) {
// If there's no matching opening bracket or the brackets don't match, return false
return false;
}
}
}
// If the stack is empty, all brackets were balanced
return stack.length === 0;
}

## #Complexity Analysis

**Time Complexity**: The time complexity of this solution is O(n), where n is the length of the input string. This is because we iterate through each character in the string once.**Space Complexity**: The space complexity is also O(n) because the stack can contain up to n/2 brackets in the worst case scenario.

## #Conclusion

In this article, we've explored an efficient solution to the Balanced Brackets problem using TypeScript. By employing a stack-based approach, we can determine whether a string of brackets is valid or not, satisfying the given criteria. This solution provides a clear and concise way to address such problems, demonstrating the importance of algorithmic thinking in solving coding challenges.